International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: July | Volume: 8 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 146-153

Effect of Music Therapy and Shoulder Exercises on Shoulder Disability, Pain and Quality of Life in Post-Operative Breast Cancer Patients: A Pre-Post Experimental Study

Erohit Khanna1, Dr. Renu Pattanshetty2

1MPT 2nd year Post Graduate Student, 2Associate Professor,
Department of Oncology Physiotherapy KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Nehrunagar, Belagavi-590010, Karnataka

Corresponding Author: Erohit Khanna


Background: According to World Health Organization, cancer is said to be the second leading cause of death globally. One of the main leading causes of death in women is the breast cancer among the age group of 18 to 65 years. Pain, restricted range of motion, fatigue and depression are common problems experienced by cancer subjects after undergoing breast surgery. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of music therapy along with shoulder exercises on pain, range of motion, level of depression and quality of life in post operative breast cancer survivors.
Materials and Methodology: 30 (thirty) post operated female cancer subjects between the age group of 18-65 years received music therapy along with exercises for 3 (three) sessions. Baseline data including pain, range of motion, disability, anxiety and depression was obtained and the values were compared after 3 (three) sessions of intervention.
Results: Pre and Post treatment values showed statistically significant results for all the subjects for all the outcome measures i.e. pain, quality of life, depression and anxiety, shoulder pain and disability index, shoulder range of motion and neck range of motion with p≤0.001.
Conclusion: Combination of music therapy and shoulder exercises demonstrated positive effect on pain reduction, improving shoulder and neck range of motion, reducing depression and anxiety level and reducing level of disability.

Key words: Breast cancer, shoulder pain and disability index, functional assessment of cancer therapy, hospital anxiety and depression scale, modified radical mastectomy.

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