Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: February | Volume: 8 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 53-59
Epidemiological Trend of Cancer among Patients at Regional Cancer Center, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial Hospital, Raipur: A Tertiary Care Hospital of Central India
Dr. Ashish Kumar Sinha1, Dr. Rajeev Ratan Jain2, Dr. Somen Kumar Pradhan3
1Assistant Professor, 3Post-Graduate Resident,
Department Of Community Medicine. Pt.J.N.M. Medical College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Radiotherapy, Regional Cancer Centre, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial Hospital, Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
Background- In present scenario, there is a lack of well established population based cancer registry in the state of Chhattisgarh. Therefore hospital records can play a major role in filling the gap. Cancer data from Chhattisgarh are very much limited. Hence, this study was planned based on hospital records of cancer patients registered at Regional cancer centre, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial Hospital, Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
Materials and Methods- It is a record based retrospective study conducted at Regional cancer centre, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Memorial Hospital, Raipur. Patient records were obtained from Medical Record department and relevant information was extracted from them for the present study.
Results- A total of 16,395 patients were registered at the RCC during the 5 year period i.e. 2011 to 2015, were included in this study. The male: female ratio was found to be 1:1.33 approximately. Majority of the male and female patients were from 45-59 years age group. Most commonly reported cancer among male and female patients were oral cancer and cervical cancer respectively.
Conclusion- Oral cancer were more common among males where as gynaecological cancers like cervical and breast cancer were more prevalent among females, more over ovarian cancer came into notice with increasing trend. Females are victims of cancer at an early age in comparison to male counterparts.
Key words: Cancer, Regional Cancer Centre (RCC), Chhattisgarh, Behaviour Change Communication (BCC)