Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: April | Volume: 9 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 47-51
Significance of Sensory Specific Intervention on Balance in Type 2 Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy Individuals
Sowjanya Maruboyina1, Sanjeev Attry2, Kusuma Kumari. B3, Kranthi Kumar. M 1, Eswar Reddy. K 4, Sunil Kumar5
1Associate Professor, Department of Neuro Physiotherapy, Durgabai Deshmukh College Of Physiotherapy, DDMS (AMS), Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Research Scholar in Physiotherapy, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Neuro Surgery, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
3Professor, Department of Physiology, MRIMS, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
4Professor, SIMS College of physiotherapy, Guntur, A.P., India.
5Professor, Principal, NIMS College of Physiotherapy, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
Corresponding Author: Sowjanya Maruboyina
Background and Purpose: Diabetes is a serious ailment that terribly affects an individual in all domains. The most troublesome complication, peripheral neuropathy, leads to decreased sensation and motor weakness which progresses from distal to proximal direction. In due course the patients will come across with balance disorders, which puts them at risk of gait difficulty and falls. To overcome this problem one should focus on treating the condition physiotherapeutically. So far existing literature is more in favour of exercises which focus on muscle strengthening but the sensation specific regimens are scarce. Hence this work is projected to know the effect of sensory specific intervention on balance and neuropathic symptoms in peripheral diabetic neuropathy individuals.
Materials and Methods: This experimental study included 30 participants with peripheral diabetic neuropathy who were randomly allocated into two groups; group A(n=15) has received sensory specific intervention for balance improvement and group B(n=15) underwent conventional exercises alone for 4 weeks. Pre and post treatment balance was assessed by Berg Balance Sale (BBS).
Results: Results of Berg Balance Scale analysed using non parametric tests. The observed differences of values were tested with the Z at 95% level of significance (p<0.05).
Conclusion: All of 30 participants have shown good results after the treatment. The subjects who received sensory specific intervention have showed significant improvement when compared to subjects who received conventional exercises alone (p<0.05). Therefore we conclude that sensory specific intervention will definitely be an additional benefit for patients in improving balance in diabetic neuropathy.
Key words: Peripheral Diabetic neuropathy, Balance, sensory specific intervention.