Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: April | Volume: 9 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 196-200
Fractures Mandible in Sudanese Subjects: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study
Mohammed Almuiz1, Elghazaly A. Elghazaly2
1Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Elrazi University, Sudan
2Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Omdurman Islamic University, Sudan, of Al.Baha University. KSA.
Corresponding Author: Elghazaly A. Elghazaly
Objective: The study aim to determine the most common sites of the mandible bone prone to fracture, in Sudanese subjects.
Materials and methods: It’s a descriptive cross sectional study, in 36 Sudanese patients, who sustained mandibular fractures seen and treated at the Dental and Maxillofacial unit, in Alribat teaching hospital, Khartoum state, Sudan, in 2013, their age arranged from 5 to 55 years, the patients are divided into four age groups. The data were obtained manually from the patients using check list provided in the designed questionnaire, mandibular examination followed by X-rays conformation, then the data analyzed using SPSS program version 17.
Results: mandibular fractures are more common in the male and the middle age of the patients, and the body, especially the part in front of the attachment of masseter muscle is most common parts label to fracture followed by median parasymphyseal. The coronoid process is rear to be fractured; because it protected by zygomatic arch and the muscles attachment. The most common etiological factor for mandibular fracture was road traffic accident.
Conclusion: It is concluding that the fracture sites at the tooth-bearing higher in compression to the rest of the bone parts, and body of the mandible is significantly more affected part. Road traffic accident significantly cause higher rate of the fractures. Recommendations, while the mandible being the most involved bone of the facial region, it must put in consideration in any case of facial trauma, should full examined and following by X-rays conformation to check for any fractures site and types.
Key words: Mandibular fractures, in Sudanese subjects, descriptive cross sectional study.