Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: April | Volume: 9 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 142-148
Psychological Status among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Attending in a Tertiary Level Hospital, Kathmandu
Ramila Maharjan1, Takma K.C2, Krishna Devi Shrestha3
1Senior Lecturer, Kathmandu Model Hospital School of Nursing, Purbanchal University, Kathmandu, Nepal,
2Professor, Maharajgunj Nursing Campus, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu
3Lecturer, Maharajgunj Nursing Campus, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University,
Corresponding Author: Ramila Maharjan
Background: Psychological status (Anxiety and depression) in diabetic population have strong negative influence on glycemic control, complications and quality of life. Therefore the aim of the study was to assess the psychological status of patient with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM).
Methods: A descriptive, cross sectional design was adopted to conduct the study among 121 patients with type 2 DM patients, attending in Endocrinology OPD at Tribhuvan University, Teaching Hospital (TUTH) Kathmandu, Nepal. The participants were selected purposively and data was collected through interview method, using semi structured questionnaire, along with Nepali version of standard tools, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI).Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science Version 16.
Results: The study findings revealed that the mild, moderate and severe level of anxiety and depressive symptoms were 28.1%, 22.3% 12.4% and 23.1%, 19.0%, 7.4% respectively.. Regarding association with anxiety, age (p= 0.046), sex (p= 0.003), educational level (p< 001), duration of illness (p= 0.027) and some aspect of family support were found statistically significant. Whereas educational level (p=0.002) and listening to issues were found association with depressive symptoms.
Conclusions: Based on the current study findings, it can be concluded that mild level of anxiety as well as depression symptoms are high among Diabetic patients which was associated with age, sex, educational level duration of illness, family support, thus awareness programs to prevent severity of anxiety and depression among diabetic patients are suggested considering above mentioned associated factors.
Key words: Anxiety, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Depression, Psychological Status, Type 2 Diabetes mellitus