Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: April | Volume: 9 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 90-97
Effect of Lung Flute Device versus Autogenic Drainage in Pulmonary Tuberculosis-A Comparative Study
Dr. Sadaf Shaikh1, Dr. Vishnu Vardhan G.D2
1MPT in Cardio-Respiratory Physiotherapy, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam College of Physiotherapy
2Associate Professor, Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam College of Physiotherapy
Corresponding Author: Dr. Sadaf Shaikh
Background and Objective: Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. It is one of the oldest diseases known to man and remains one of the most widespread diseases in the world. Restrictive conditions like TB alter pulmonary components, as observed by impairment of lung volumes such as total lung capacity, vital capacity and tidal volume. It also aids in accumulation of the secretions in the airways giving rise to further complications and affecting the Quality of life of the person. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the effect of Lung Flute Device and Autogenic Drainage Technique on Pulmonary functions in Tuberculosis.
Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional comparative study was done with 30 participants diagnosed with Tuberculosis in the age group of 18-65. On Day 1 and Day 5 the Pulmonary function test (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC ratio and PEFR) was performed. Group A participants received Lung Flute Device and Group B participants received Autogenic Drainage Technique. Intervention was given twice a day, 3 days a week for 2 weeks and each session last for 15-30 minutes. Data was analyzed using ‘ Paired’ and Unpaired’ t test.
Results: There was highly significant difference (p<0.0001)in FVC, FEV1 and PEFR in both the groups but Group A showed slightly more improvement were Lung Flute Device was given as an intervention and there was no significant difference in FEV1/FVC ratio in both the groups in PFT values after 2 weeks of intervention.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the Lung Flute Device and Autogenic Drainage both improves the lung function in Pulmonary Tuberculosis but the small innovative Lung Flute Device shows more significant improvement in pulmonary functions compared to Autogenic Drainage. Therefore, the Lung Flute Device can be used in other respiratory conditions for mucus clearance and can be added as a new curative device in Bronchial hygiene therapy regime.
Key words: Autogenic Drainage, Lung Flute Device, PFT, Pulmonary Tuberculosis.