Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 65-70
Cardio Respiratory Fitness among Normal, Overweight and Obese Adolescent Girls of Hyderabad
Aparna Kondapalli1, Sravanthi Perakam2, Dr Ganpat Devpura3, Dr. S.Manohar4
1Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Sports Medicine, Durgabai Deshmukh College of Physiotherapy, DDMS, Hyderabad, India. Research Scholar, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
2Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary, Durgabai Deshmukh College of Physiotherapy, DDMS, Hyderabad, India. Research Scholar, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
3Professor and Head, Department of General Medicine, NIMS University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
4Professor, Department of General Medicine, Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Centre, DDMS, Hyderabad, India.
Corresponding Author: Aparna Kondapalli
Background: Cardio respiratory fitness in childhood is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality in adulthood. Overweight and Obesity are the major health concerns that the adolescents are facing globally. Obesity is the root cause for various cardiovascular, metabolic and musculoskeletal disorders that are life threatening ailments. There are no studies that have documented the cardio respiratory fitness in adolescent girls of Hyderabad. The objective of this study is to know the Cardio respiratory endurance (VO2max) among normal, overweight and obese adolescent girls of Hyderabad. To find the changes in VO2max with increase in body fat mass.
Materials & Methodology: This is a cross sectional study involving 60 girls with an age group of 14 -16 years and were categorized into 3 groups (n=20) based on their BMI and WHR. All three groups were assessed for Cardio respiratory fitness using 20m shuttle run test. Results: The data was analyzed using ANOVA and (P< 0.05) in all the 3 groups. This suggests the significant difference of VO2max in all the 3 groups.
Conclusion: VO2 max was higher in normal group which suggests a good cardio vascular profile. VO2 max in overweight was better than obese group and less than in control group. VO2 max was poor in obese group indicating that increase in fat mass has a negative relationship with cardio respiratory fitness and the low VO2max is associated with many cardiovascular risk factors in later life.
Key words: Adolescents, Cardio respiratory fitness, Body mass index, Waist to Hip ratio, Obesity, Overweight.