Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 50-64
To Study the Effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique in Patients with Obstructive Airway Disease
Rachna. D. Arora, Visalakshi. H. Subramanian
PT School & Center, T.N.M.C. & B.Y.L. Nair Ch Hospital, Mumbai, India
Corresponding Author: Rachna. D. Arora
Background: The Buteyko Method, a breathing technique, has been found to be effective in individuals with asthma and a range of other conditions. In the present study, an attempt was made to compare the effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique in patients with obstructive airway disease.
Aim: To study the effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique in Obstructive Airway Disease
To assess the pre and post changes on outcome measures in control group & in experimental group respectively.
To compare the effect on outcome measures in both the groups.
Methodology: The subjects were screened to select 28 patients. The Control group received conventional Physiotherapy and Experimental group received Conventional Physiotherapy with Buteyko breathing technique. The treatment was given thrice a week for both the groups for 4 weeks. All the outcome measures i.e. Single Breath Count Test (SBCT), Resting Respiratory Rate (Resting RR) , Breath Holding Time (BHT), Percent Predicted Value of 6 Minute Walk Distance (%PV of 6MWD) & Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR)were recorded at baseline and post treatment in both the groups.
Result: In control group, there was statistically significant increase in SBCT (p=0.001), BHT (p=0.000), PEFR (p=0.000), % PV 6MWD (P=0.006), reduction Resting RR (p=0.000) & Resting HR% (p=0.275). In Experimental Group, there was a statistically significant increase in SBCT (p=0.000), BHT (p=0.001), % PV 6MWD (p=0.001), PEFR (p=0.008), reduction Resting RR (p=0.000) & Resting HR% (p=0.000). On comparing the differences between both groups, statistically significant increase was found in BHT (p= 0.002), SBCT (p= 0.014), % PV 6MWD (p=0.097), PEFR (p=0.098) & significant reduction was found in Resting HR% (p=0.000) & Resting RR (p=0.005).
Conclusion: Buteyko Breathing was effective in improving breathing control, breath holding and reducing the work of breathing in subjects with Obstructive Airway disease.
Key words: Obstructive Airway Disease, Bohr Effect, Buteyko Breathing Technique