International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 34-41

The Effect of Jacobson’s Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique on Depression in Diabesity Patients

Sravanthi Perakam1, Aparna Kondapalli2, Dr, Ganpat Devpura3, Dr. S.Manohar4

1Associate Professor and HOD, Department of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary, Durgabai Deshmukh College of Physiotherapy, DDMS, Hyderabad, India. Research Scholar, Nims University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
2Associate Professor and HOD Department of sports Medicine, Durgabai Deshmukh College of Physiotherapy, DDMS, Hyderabad, India . Research Scholar, Nims University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
3Professor and Head, Department of General Medicine, Nims University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India.
4Professor, Department of General Medicine, Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Centre, DDMS, Hyderabad, India.

Corresponding Author: Sravanthi Perakam


Background- The global prevalence of diabesity is alarming, this rising epidemic leads to social, clinical, economic burden and it plays an important role in depression. There is a triangle relationship between diabetes, obesity, and depression. Both diabetes and obesity increase the prevalence of depression as well as depressed patients are also prone to develop diabetes mellitus and obesity. Jacobson progressive muscle relaxation technique (JPMRT) helps in achieving deep state of mental and physical relaxation thus reducing anxiety and depression in various conditions. This is the first study conducted on diabesity patients who are at high risk of depression. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Jacobson progressive muscle relaxation technique on depression in diabesity patients
Materials and methods- 30 diabesity patients were randomly assigned into two groups- Experimental group underwent JPMRT (n=15), for 8 weeks, 3 times a week. Control group (n=15) were under their routine oral hypoglycemic drugs. Pre and post intervention values of depression were measured using BDI-II scale.
Result – The data analysis was done using Mann-Whitney U Test to calculate BDI-II scores between the experimental and control groups and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test for pre and post BDI-II within group. The results have shown that there is a significant reduction in depression in experimental group compared to controls since Z value is -4.609 and its p-value 0.000 is less than 0.05.
Conclusion: Jacobson Progressive Relaxation Technique is effective in reducing depression in diabesity patients.

Key words: Diabesity, depression, Jacobson Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique.

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