Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 287-298
A Review on HIV/AIDS Epidemiology, Risk Behaviour, Opportunistic Infections, Diagnosis, Management, and Preventive Measures in African Countries
Anandapandian.K.T.K1, Divya Rani R2, Pandia Rajan. K3, Ragav Somasundaram4
1Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Sciences, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Oramia, Ethiopia.
2Lecturer, Department of Midwifery, College of Health Sciences, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Oramia, Ethiopia.
3Lecturer, Department of Medical Surgical, College of Health Sciences, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Oramia, Ethiopia.
4Lecturer, Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Oramia, Ethiopia.
Corresponding Author: Anandapandian.K.T.K
This paper reviews HIV/AIDS epidemiology, risk behaviour, opportunistic infections, diagnosis, management, and preventive methods in African countries over the past one decade. Many articles on HIV/AIDS were found in search through a database dedicated to indexing all original data published in Africa between the years 2008 -2018. The review reveals that there is almost a universal awareness of HIV/AIDS in African countries, although there are still some deficiencies in comprehensive knowledge of the epidemic.
Key words: HIV/AIDS, Epidemiology, Risk behaviour, Opportunistic infection, Diagnosis, Management, Preventive measures