Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 21-27
A Study of Anthropometric Variables, Back strength and Performance Tests in Inter- University Hockey Players
Monika Sanwaria1, Shyamal Koley2
1MYAS GNDU, Department of Sports Sciences and Medicine, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, 143005, Punjab, India
2Department of Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, 143005, Punjab, India
Corresponding Author: Shyamal Koley
Introduction: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the anthropometric variables and physical fitness tests in inter-university hockey players, and to find the correlation between these variables. The purposely selected 105 inter-university hockey players aged 18-25 years were collected from various universities of North India. An adequate number of controls (n = 84) were also taken from the same place for comparison.
Methods: A total of seven anthropometric variables i.e. height, weight, BMI, total arm length, % body fat, biceps skinfold, triceps skinfold, and back strength, and two physical performance tests i.e. sit and reach test and Illinois agility test were measured on each subject.
Results: Statistically significant differences (p≤0.009-0.001) were found in BMI, biceps skinfold, triceps skinfold, % body fat, back strength, sit and reach test and Illinois agility test between hockey players and controls. When sex differences were checked in hockey players, significant differences (p≤ 0.001) were found in height, weight, BMI, total arm length, % body fat and back strength. Back strength, sit and reach test and Illinois agility test had significant positive correlations (p≤0.006-0.001) with height, weight, BMI, total arm length and % body fat in hockey players.
Conclusion: The results of the study showed that there were strong associations between performance tests and anthropometric variables. The findings would be helpful to search the sports talents, administrating training program and minimizing sports specific injuries in the game.
Key words: Inter-university hockey players. Anthropometric variables. Back strength. Performance tests.