International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 187-193

A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease among Middle Aged Women in Selected Urban Area, Bangalore

Timila Manandhar1, Santhamma Moche2

1Lecturer, 2Professor,
Om Health Campus Pvt. Ltd, Gopikrishna Nagar, Chabahil, Kathmandu

Corresponding Author: Timila Manandhar


Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) though has been perceived as a disease mainly affecting men. It is now becoming more accepted that cardiovascular disease is also the leading cause of death in women. Women have died from coronary artery disease than cancer (including breast cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, Alzheimer disease and accidents combined).
Objective: The study was under taken to evaluate the effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge regarding prevention of coronary artery disease among middle aged women.
Method: A pre experimental research design was conducted on 60 middle aged women using purposive sampling. A structured knowledge questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and interpreted in terms of objectives and hypothesis of the study. The level of significance was set at 0.05 levels.
Results: The mean pretest knowledge score was 30.3% (SD of ± 12.9) whereas the mean post-test knowledge score was 87.8% (SD of ± 9.0). A significant association was found between the socio demographic variables such as age, menopause, dietary pattern, non-vegetarian preferred and sleeps pattern and the mean pretest knowledge scores of middle aged women on prevention of coronary artery disease (χ2 value 15.61, 6.53, 5.44, 9.24, 7.59 at p< 0.05).
Conclusion: The findings concluded that self‐instructional module was effective in enhancing the knowledge of middle aged women regarding the prevention of coronary artery disease.

Key words: Coronary artery disease, knowledge, self-instructional module, middle age women, prevention

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