Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 119-127
Association between Dental Caries and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Kanpur Population
Sridevi. N1, Jaya Prakash Thumu2, Kiran Kumar P3, A.V. Rajanikanth4, Vinay Kumar Mishra5
1Ph.D. Scholar, 2Professor and Head, 5Associate Professor,
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur (UP) India.
3Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Rama Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur, Rama University, India.
4Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Rama Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Kanpur (UP) India.
Corresponding Author: Sridevi. N
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with persistent poor glycemic control which inturn has an impact on the oral cavity, resulting in oral manifestations. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of caries risk factors such as bacteriological counts, oral hygiene assessment, and frequency of daily sugar exposure on the caries experience among Type 2 diabetic and non diabetic individuals in Kanpur Population. 100 subjects with dental caries, in the age group 30-70 years, were further divided into Group I (n=50) included Type II diabetes mellitus patients and Group II (n=50) included non-diabetic patients with dental caries. Lactobacillus and Mutans streptococcus colony counts, Silness and Leo indices for plaque score, questionnaire for evaluating oral hygiene practices, a3-day dietary record to evaluate the frequency of daily sugar intake and the prevalence of dental caries was assessed by obtaining the DMFT scores among the subjects of both the groups.
Type 2 diabetic patients showed statistically significant increase in the colony counts of Streptococcus mutans (90%) and Lactobacilli, a significantly higher mean plaque indices score and high DMFT score, when compared to non-diabetic patients .Superior oral health habits and higher frequency of sugar intake was observed in subjects of the non-diabetic group when compared to the Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. In conclusion, our study showed that increase in acidogenic microbes, high plaque scores, less oral hygiene assessment led to high occurrence of caries among Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients when compared to nondiabetic patients.
Key words: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Dental caries, Oral hygiene assessment, Bacteriological counts.