Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: March | Volume: 9 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 83-87
To Study the Immediate Effect of Suboccipital Muscle Energy Technique on Craniovertebral Angle and Cranio-Horizontal Angle on Subjects with Forward Head Posture
Edrish Saifee Contractor1, Dr Sweety Shah2, Dr Parita Dave3
1Incharge Principal & Senior Lecturer, MPT (Orthopaedic conditions), Shree Swaminarayan Physiotherapy College, Near G.S.T. Crossing Ranip, Ahmedabad
2Senior lecturer, SBB College of Physiotherapy, V.S. General Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
3Lecturer, MPT (Cardiopulmonary), Shree Swaminarayan Physiotherapy College, Near G.S.T. Crossing Ranip, Ahmedabad.
Corresponding Author: Edrish Saifee Contractor
Background: Forward head posture is a head-on-trunk malalignment, which results in musculoskeletal dysfunction and neck pain. To improve forward head posture, both the Deep Neck Flexor Exercise and the Suboccipital Muscle Energy Technique have been used.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effects of deep neck flexor exercise and suboccipital release combined with deep neck flexor exercise on craniovertebral angle and cranio-horizontal angle on subjects with forward head posture.
Methods: In total, 40 subjects (20 males, 20 females) with forward head posture assessed by Electronic Head Posture Instrument were recruited. Experimental Group performed deep neck flexor exercise and suboccipital muscle energy technique whereas Control Group performed deep neck flexor endurance exercise. Craniovertebral Angle and Cranio- Horizontal Angel were measured before and after the intervention. t test was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Craniovertebral angle (p<0.05) and Cranio-Horizontal Angle (p<0.05) showed significant difference after suboccipital muscle energy technique combined with deep neck flexor exercise compared to deep neck flexor exercise alone on Forward Head Posture
Conclusion: The addition of suboccipital muscle energy technique to deep neck flexor exercise provided superior benefits relative to craniocervical flexion exercise alone as an intervention for subjects with forward head posture.
Key words: Craniovertebral angle; Cranio-Horizontal Angle; Suboccipital Muscle Energy Technique; Deep Neck Flexor Exercise; Forward Head Posture.