Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: February | Volume: 9 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 13-21
Exploring Music Induced Auditory Processing Differences among Vocalists, Violinists and Non-Musicians
Priyanka Vijaya Kumar1, Rajalakshmi Krishna1, 2
1All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, University of Mysore, Mysore, India
2Audiology India, Mysore, Karnataka, India
Corresponding Author: Priyanka Vijaya Kumar
Music is a highly complex sensory stimulus and is structured in several dimensions. This richness makes music an ideal tool to investigate the functioning of the human brain. This study aimed to understand the differences in auditory processing skills like auditory memory and speech perception in noise between vocalists, violinists and non-musicians. Fifteen participants from each of the group were subjected to two auditory memory tests (forward and backward digit span tests) and a speech in noise perception test (QuickSIN). On statistical analysis, overall results indicated that both in auditory memory and speech in noise perception abilities, musicians (both vocalists and violinists) outperform non-musicians. However, no significant difference was noticed between violinists and vocalists. The results of the study are in congruence with other literature report indicating musical experience as an important factor inducing enhancements in the overall auditory perceptual abilities. Further, the study results lead to the possible speculations that type of music (vocal vs instrumental) does not influence music induced differences in the auditory processing skills.
Key words: Music, Auditory Memory, Speech in noise perception, Neuroplasticity, Auditory perception.