Original Research Article
Year: 2019 | Month: February | Volume: 9 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 164-172
Predictors of Long Acting and Permanents Contraceptive Methods Utilization among Married Women of Reproductive Age in Adama Town, Oromia Region, South East Ethiopia, 2014
Ashenafi Habtamu Regesu, Gebi Agero Genemo
Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Arsi University, Arsi Asella, Ethiopia.
Corresponding Author: Ashenafi Habtamu Regesu
Back ground: Unintended pregnancy, resulting from unmet need for contraception, threatens the lives and wellbeing of women and their families globally. Long acting and permanents contraceptive methods are safe and cost-effective for women who desire to delay or limit births that do not require daily user compliance, yet they are largely underutilized.
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess predictors of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods utilization among married women of reproductive age in Adama town, Oromia Region, South East Ethiopia, 2014.
Methods: Community based cross sectional study design was used with qualitative data collection methods of focus group discussion. Quantitative data was entered and cleaned using Epi Info version 3.5 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Descriptive statistics was done to explore the study variables. To identify the Association between dependent and independent variables logistic regression was done with 95% confidence interval at p- value of 0.05.
Result: Overall proportion of long acting and permanent contraceptives methods utilization among married women of reproductive age was 33.8 % and the mean age of the respondents was 28.37 (SD±7.94) years. Of those who had interviewed, 160 (67.7%) reported their all children were planned and when asked if they would like to have more children 144 (61.0%) clients responded in the positive ways, of those who wanted more children 119 (82.6%) wanted their next birth after four to five years. Out of clients interviewed, 178 (75.4%) made joint decision with their partner. Finally, age 40-44 years were almost four times more likely to utilize LAPMs than women whose age were between 15-19 years [AOR = 4.27, CI:2.78-5.78].
Conclusion: This study identified 33.8 % of overall prevalence of long acting and permanent contractive methods utilization in the study area. Women age, desire to have additional children and contraceptive decision making were identified as predictor factors associated with long acting and permanents contraceptive methods utilization. In the mean time we recommend, Adama town Health office should work hard in order to improve the overall level of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods utilization.
Key words: contraceptives, unintended pregnancy, long acting, permanent, married, women.