International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Review Article

Year: 2019 | Month: January | Volume: 9 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 246-250

Relationship between Periodontal Disease and Sleep Apnoea: Current Literature & Review

Dr. Dhawal Mody1, Dr. Vrushali Lathiya2, Dr. Kamalkishor Mankar1

1Associate Professor, 2Senior Lecturer,
VSPM Dental College & Research Centre, Department of Periodontology, Digdoh Hills, Hingna Road,
Nagpur - 440019

Corresponding Author: Dr. Dhawal Mody


Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a sleep-related respiratory condition that involves a temporary cessation of breathing or complete halt in airflow despite an ongoing effort to breathe. Undiagnosed OSA is closely associated with serious health problems, including hypertension, diabetes and cardiac related disorders. Periodontitis is characterized by local bacterial infection within tooth supporting structures leading to destruction of periodontium. It is a previously unrecognized but highly prevalent and clinically relevant disease associated with OSA. It also adversely impacts cardiovascular health by increasing the production of cytokines, promoting atherosclerosis, which is also highly associated with OSA.

Key words: sleep apnoea, periodontitis, cytokines

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