Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 263-267
Effectiveness of Dance and Movement Therapy (DMT) and Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) on Depression and Quality of Life (QOL) among elderly: A Systematic Review
Prakash Jha1, Srinivasan P.2, Uma J. Deaver3
1Department of Mental Health Nursing (M.sc Nursing student), 2Department of Mental Health Nursing (Associate Professor), 3Department of Community Health Nursing (Professor)
Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Nursing, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Corresponding Author: Prakash Jha
Background: Physical as well as psychological interventions such as dance and movement therapy and progressive muscle relaxation may reduce depressive symptoms both in healthy aged populations and in elderly, but few specific analysis were conducted on the efficacy of dance and movement therapy and progressive muscle relaxation as an adjunctive treatment which may be probably more useful in clinical practice, considered the high prevalence of treatment resistant depression, the low cost and safety of physical activity interventions. With this background, systematic literature search and Meta- Analysis was carried out.
Objective: To establish the new findings on the effectiveness of dance and movement therapy and progressive muscle relaxation on depression and quality of life among elderly, with particular focus on the efficacy of the dance and movement therapy and progressive muscle relaxation as an adjunctive treatment.
Methodology: The search of significant articles was carried out in Pub Med/Medline, SCOPUS, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase, Elsevier and Google Scholar with the following key words: “depression”, “quality of life”, “dance and movement therapy”, “progressive muscle relaxation”. Systematically searched for studies including depression and quality of life among elderly of age 60 years and above.
Inclusion criteria: The included studies were evaluated according to predefined quality criteria.
Exclusion criteria: the study excludes the studies those discussed about the other method to deal with depression and quality of life among elderly.
Results: 35 papers were retrieved by the search. Among the 26 were evaluated to be of higher quality. Studies recruiting samples of elderly with a mild depressive disorder, moderate or severe cognitive impairment or those who were dependent on care were insufficient.
Conclusion: Depression has also been shown to be associated with various psychosocial factors, lifestyle and dietary factors, and presence of chronic physical illness. There are very few therapeutic interventions. The efficacy of dance and movement therapy and progressive muscle relaxation on depression and quality of life among elderly, due to persistent lack of high quality research, in part to clinical issues of management of depression to establish effectiveness of exercise on depressive symptoms.
Key words: Elderly, Depression, Quality of Life, Dance and Movement Therapy, Progressive Muscle Relaxation