International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Review Article

Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 249-254

Metabolic Syndrome and Its Management: A Brief Review

Monika Jain1, Chetna Singh2

1Professor, 2Research Scholar,
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan-304022, India

Corresponding Author: Monika Jain


Metabolic syndrome is referred to as the clustered metabolic conditions that can cause heart disease, diabetes and all cause mortality. The presence of equal to or more than three components including larger waist circumference, exalted triglyceride levels, lower levels of HDL-cholesterol, hypertension and exalted levels of fasting blood glucose is necessary for the diagnosis of the syndrome. A rapid increase of obesity and metabolic syndrome prevalence is being reported in India as well as other South Asian countries causing greater morbidity and mortality rates as a result of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Obesity along with insulin resistance is contemplated as the fundamental cause of metabolic syndrome. It is also contributed by many other factors specifically by ageing, life expectancy, sedentary lifestyle and inadequate nutrition. Diagnosis and treatment of the syndrome on time is necessary to prevent further consequent risks of diseases. Lifestyle modification including weight loss, exercise and diet with decreased intake of fat, simple sugars and consuming higher amounts of fiber like fruits and vegetables, whole grains and legumes is primarily required in managing the syndrome. Pharmacological treatment is necessary to be provided to those in whom lifestyle modification solely is not enough to manage the metabolic syndrome. Nutraceuticals due to their functional roles can be beneficial in treatment of metabolic syndrome along with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.

Key words: Metabolic syndrome, Insulin resistance, Cardiovascular disease, Lifestyle modification, Pharmacological treatment, Nutraceuticals

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