International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 160-174

A Study to Seek the Association Between Eating Habits and BMI of Adolescents with A View to Develop and Evaluate Structured Teaching Programme in Terms of Knowledge on Prevention and Control of Obesity in A Selected School of Haryana

Suman Dhaniya

Affiliation Details: Nursing Officer, Kalawati Saran Children Hospital, New Delhi. India.


Introduction: Most children develop their eating habits and activity pattern during childhood. The transition in nutrition and lifestyle by the popularity of fast foods, soft drinks, sedentary life styles, lack of exercise, increased television watching and computer usage are the common trends which are the causes of overweight and Obesity.
Materials and Methods: The research approach adopted for the study was survey for Phase I and evaluative pre-experimental for Phase II . The research design used as descriptive survey for Phase I and pre- experimental one group pre test post test design for Phase II . The setting of the study was Shambhu Dayal Modern School, Sonepat, Haryana, India.
The data were collected with the help of 1). Background data consisted of 15 items seeking information on demographic characteristics of the adolescents. 2). Eating habits questionnaire to assess the eating habits. 3) Standardized weighing machine and height scale. 4). CDC- Body mass index - for - age growth charts (2-20 yrs. boys and girls) to determine body mass index of adolescents. 4) Structured knowledge questionnaire to assess adolescent's knowledge on obesity.
Results: The major findings of Phase I of the study revealed that majority i.e. 75.56% of the adolescents had normal weight, 12.38% of adolescents were overweight, 6.35% adolescents were obese whereas only 5.71% were underweight. 57. 14% of the adolescents had healthy eating habits whereas 42.86% of the adolescents had unhealthy eating habits. The computed Chi-Square value (84.1), to see the association between the body mass index and eating habits among adolescents is found to be statistically significant. The structured teaching programme was effective in enhancing the knowledge of the adolescents as evident from 't' value which was calculated from pre test and post test scores.

Key words: Eating habits, Adolescent, Overweight, Obesity, Structured teaching programme

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