Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 154-159
A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program Regarding the Knowledge on Prevention of Surgical Site Infection, Among Nurses in a Selected Hospital
Mr. Jils Thottungal Suresh
Assistant Professor, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Nursing Institute, Shivaji Nagar, Amravati-444603
Background: Surgical site infections may lead to many complications like increasing the duration of hospitalization, extra expenses and burdens in the patients. The knowledge of health care providers, especially the nurses would make a significant impact in the speedy recovery and prevention of these complications.
Materials and methods: The research approach adopted for the study was one group pre-test and post-test quasi experimental design. The study comprises of 40 nurses of selected Hospital who fulfilled inclusive criteria selected by Convenient Sampling method. Knowledge questionnaire was used for data collection. The content Validity of the tool was established in consultation with guide and 12 experts from the field of Medical Surgical Nursing. Reliability coefficient of knowledge questionnaire was calculated using Carl Pearson Coefficient of Correlation. Formal permission was obtained from concerned authority from selected hospital for data collection. Data were tabulated and analyzed.
Results: The study revealed that the mean score among nurses was 15(46%) during pre test rose up to 24(77.60%) in the post test evaluation. Result interpreted that there was a significant increase in knowledge level of nurses after administration of structured teaching program. It is evident that the calculated ‘t’ value was greater than the table value of ‘t’ at 0.05 level. This indicates that planned teaching was effective in improving the knowledge of the nurses. The study also revealed that there is a significant association between demographic characteristics, such as total years of professional experience, years of experience in current position with the knowledge score.
Conclusion: The study was done to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program regarding the knowledge on prevention of surgical site infection, among nurses. The result of this study shows that the most of the nurses had excellent knowledge after administration of structured teaching program. The study also revealed that there is a significant association between demographic characteristics such as total years of professional experience, years of experience in current position with the knowledge score. This study will help the nurse to develop appropriate teaching material to improve knowledge regarding prevention of surgical site infection.
Key words: structured teaching program, knowledge, surgical site infections