International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 148-153

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge and Practice Regarding Phototherapy Application among 3rd year R.G.N.M. Nursing Students at School of Nursing, Krishna Hospital, Karad

Mrs. Rajashri B. Karale1, Prof. Vaishali R. Mohite2, Mrs. Sangeeta Patil3, Mrs. Sheetal Kadam3, Mr. Bhagwat Karale3

1Lecturer (Child Health Nursing), 2Dean/Principal, 3Clinical Instructor (Mental Health Nursing)
Krishna Institute of nursing Sciences, Karad, Satara Maharashtra state India

Corresponding Author: Mrs. Rajashri B. Karale


Neonates with hyperbilirubinemia can be best treated with phototherapy in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The student nurse must have adequate knowledge and skill to manage the neonates with hyperbilirubinemia as they are future nurses. Thus the neonates with hyperbilirubinemia can be managed with phototherapy accurately. It can also enhance the quality of life for neonates with hyperbilirubinemia. The study was conducted to assess the knowledge and practices of 3rd year R.G.N.M. nursing students on phototherapy application for neonates before and after planned teaching programme.

  1. To assess the existing knowledge and practices of 3rd year RGNM Nursing students regarding phototherapy application.
  2. To assess the knowledge and practices of 3rd year R.G.N.M. Nursing Students regarding phototherapy application after the administration of structured teaching programme with demonstration of phototherapy application.
  3. To co-relate the pre test knowledge and practices score with demographic variables of the 3RD year R.G.N.M. Nursing Students regarding phototherapy application.

Research Methodology: Purposive sampling technique used to select 50 samples. A structured knowledge questionnaire was administrated to assess knowledge and practices of 3RDyear R.G.N.M. students regarding the application of phototherapy and then structured teaching programme was administered. After 7 days of teaching programme, post test was conducted to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme.
Results: Majority samples belong to 20- 21years age i.e. of 28%, majority of samples are Hindu i.e.35%. Majority of samples were female i.e. 41%. In pre test majority 12% samples had poor knowledge, 86% had average knowledge and 2% had good knowledge. Where as in post test 100% had good knowledge. Pre test mean value was 13.3 and Post test mean value was 22.7 and there was no association between pretest knowledge score and demographic variables. Study concludes that, there was significant gain in knowledge score after structured teaching programme of 3rd year R.G.N.M. nursing students and need for organizing such teaching interventions.

Key words: 3RDyear R.G.N.M., structured teaching programme, knowledge, practices, phototherapy.

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