Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 122-128
Effectiveness of Multifactorial Programme on Knowledge and Expressed Practices Regarding the Risk Factors and Safety Measures to Prevent Falls among Elderly
Mayanglambam Arica Devi1, Jasbir Kaur2, Kanika Rai3, Jyoti Sarin4
1M.Sc. Nursing Final Year Student, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, M.M College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Ambala, Haryana, India
2Principal, M.M Institute of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Ambala, Haryana, India
3Associate Professor Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, M.M College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Ambala, Haryana, India
4Principal, M.M College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Ambala, Haryana, India
Corresponding Author: Kanika Rai
Falls in elderly are the most common serious problem and also the commonest type of accidents that occur in people of 65years and above resulting in serious injury to elderly. Injuries which occur due to fall are associated with disability, loss of independence and increase chance of death. A Quasi Experimental Non Equivalent Control Group Pretest Post Test Design was used to compare pre and post test of knowledge scores and expressed practices among experimental and comparison group before and after administration of multifactorial program. A sample of sixty elderly was selected purposive sampling technique. The data collection tools used were History of Fall Assessment (In Last Two Years), Performa for Socio-Demographic Data, Structured Knowledge Questionnaire To Assess Knowledge Regarding Risk Of Falls With Its Prevention And Management, Expressed Practices Checklist To Assess Prevention Of Falls Among Elderly and were collected by Interview. The findings of the study showed that the mean post-test knowledge score of elderly in experimental and comparison group after the administration of intervention (14.87±4.79, 14.67±4.71) was found to be statistically not significant (p=0.16). The mean pretest and post-test expressed practices score of elderly in experimental group before and after the administration of intervention (36.8±5.98, 38.0±5.94) was found to be significant (p=0.001*). The study concluded that multifactorial program was effective in improving expressed practices but not in knowledge of elderly regarding risk factors and safety measures to prevent falls.
Key words: Multifactorial programme, Knowledge, Expressed practices Risks factors, Safety measures, Falls.