International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 115-121

A Study to Assess the Impact of Earmuffs on Physiological Parameters in Neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Yojana Parmar1, Rajashri Karale2, Vaishali Mohite3, Prakash Naregal4

1M.Sc. Nursing, 2Associate Professor, 3Professor & Principal, 4Lecturer,
Department of Child Health Nursing, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences Karad, Maharashtra, India

Corresponding Author: Yojana Parmar


Objectives: To determine the impact of earmuffs on physiological parameters in neonates in neonatal intensive care unit, Krishna Hospital, Karad and to associate the demographic variables with selected physiological parameters.
Methods: Evaluative Research Approach was used for the study and conducted in neonatal intensive care unit, Krishna Hospital, Karad, Maharashtra, India, using control and experimental group design. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used for 50 selected neonates. Every 2-2 hourly total 3 readings measured on same neonate before and after application of earmuffs. An earmuff was used for assessing the physiological parameters (temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation and sleep pattern) of the neonates. The data collected, tabulated and analyzed in terms of objective of the study using descriptive and inferential statistics (ANOVA).
Results: Repeated measure ANOVA showed significant difference in the mean of temperature, heart rate, respiration, sleep pattern (P=0.001) and there was no significant difference showed those babies were on oxygen.
Conclusion: The study concluded that wearing earmuffs can protect the infants averse to noise and maintain the physiological parameters of neonates .Also NICU nurses showed interest in using this simple and economic, easy to sterilize earmuffs for infants and agree to use earmuffs routinely in future for infants.

Key words: Earmuffs, Noise, Newborn, NICU, Physiological Parameters.

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