Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 94-101
Effectiveness of Pursed Lip Breathing Versus Mouth Mask on Dyspnea and Functional Capacity in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Shivangi Sachdeva1, Sonia Pawaria2, Sheetal Kalra3
1MPT Student, 2Assistant Professor, 3Associate Dean, Professor,
Faculty of Physiotherapy, SGT University
Corresponding Author: Sonia Pawaria
Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease is a growing problem in India and throughout the world. It is major and challenging health problem that results in chronic morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Dyspnea is one of the cardinal features of COPD due to which functional capacity of the patient reduces. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of pursed lip breathing and mouth mask on dyspnea and functional capacity in COPD patients.
Methods: Thirty male and female subjects of age group 40-65 years diagnosed with COPD were assigned into two groups. In addition to the medical treatment given for all patients, patients in Group A(n=15) performed Pursed Lip Breathing and patients in Group B(n=15) performed Pursed Lip Breathing through Mouth Mask. All the patients underwent clinical evaluation including chest X-ray, spirometry before the procedure. Outcome measures in the form of level of dyspnea according to Modified Borg scale and functional capacity (6MWD test) were assessed at baseline, after 4 and 8 weeks.
Result: Subjects of Group B who performed Pursed Lip Breathing through Mouth Mask showed more significant improvement in relieving dyspnea and increasing functional capacity compared to subjects of Group A Who performed pursed lip breathing.
Conclusion: Result of the study proved that pursed lip breathing through Mouth Mask showed significantly higher improvement in relieving dyspnea and in increasing the functional capacity.
Key words: COPD, Pursed Lip Breathing, Acute Exacerbation, Mouth Mask, Dyspnea, Functional capacity, 6MWD