Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: September | Volume: 8 | Issue: 9 | Pages: 89-93
Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression among Patients with Chronic Lumbar Spondylosis
NP Singh1, Maman Paul2
1PhD., Research Scholar, Dept. of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, GNDU, Amritsar.
2Asst. Prof, Dept. of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy, GNDU, Amritsar
Corresponding Author: NP Singh
Objective: To study the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in individuals with Chronic Lumbar Spondylosis.
Method: Cross sectional study was conducted with sample size of 40 patients. The prevalence of anxiety and depression among Chronic Lumbar spondylosis patients was studied for specified age group with gender difference using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
Results: The study included 40 patients with chronic Lumbar spondylosis in age group of 45 to 75 years who provided valid response to survey questions. Out of 40 there were 15 (37.5%) women and 25 (62.5%) men in the study sample. The Mean age of patients was 61.67 years with standard deviation of 8.582. The mean duration of symptoms was 2.392 years with standard deviation of 0.78197 with a minimum of 1 year and maximum of 4 years. The study found abnormal levels of anxiety and depression among patients with 65% and 55% for anxiety and depression respectively.27.5% and 30% were Borderline abnormal for anxiety and depression and 37.5% and 25% were abnormal for anxiety and depression as per HADS scale.
Conclusion: In patients with chronic Lumbar spondylosis, the psychological factors are important, as patients with chronic Lumbar spondylosis are at risk of experiencing anxiety and depression.
Key words: Chronic Lumbar Spondylosis, Depression, Anxiety, Low Back pain, Psychological