Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: August | Volume: 8 | Issue: 8 | Pages: 167-170
Effects of Abdominal Muscle Exercises on the Respiratory Muscle Strength & Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Females with Bmi More than Twenty Five
Dr. Shradha Sawant Deshpande (PT)1, Ms. Megha Nataraj2
1Assistant Professor, 2Intern
MGM. College of Physiotherapy, MGM Hospital, Kamothe Navi Mumbai.
Corresponding Author: Dr. Shradha Sawant Deshpande (PT)
Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat in the body that may impair health.  India ranks 3rd in the World’s obese population comprising of 30 million individuals. Studies from different parts of India have provided evidence of rising prevalence of obesity.  Obesity has an effect on respiratory muscles & parameters.
It is important to understand the alignment of the respiratory muscles and their actions and how they function. Muscles like Diaphragm, Rectus Abdominis, Transverse Abdominis, Internal & External Oblique’s contribute largely in inspiration and expiration. The Aim of study was to improve Respiratory Muscle Strength (MIP, MEP) and Peak Expiratory Muscle Strength by training the abdominal muscles.
Method: Thirty subjects were selected in which their Height (mts), Weight (Kgs), BMI(kg/m2), Abdominal muscle strength(using Isometric Abdominal strength tests)were assessed. Pre values for Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR)(L/min), Maximum inspiratory pressure(MIP)(cmH2O),Maximum Expiratory Pressure(MEP)(cmH2O) were taken. Abdominal exercises (superficial, deep & core muscles) for 6-Weeks, 3 Sessions/week on (alternate days) were taught to the Participant
Conclusion: The study showed a significant improvement in abdominal muscle strength, PEFR, MIP & MEP values post 6 week of abdominal training programme.
Key words: Abdominal muscle, Respiratory Muscle Strength(MIP,MEP), Peak Expiratory Flow rate(PEFR)