Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: July | Volume: 8 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 182-191
A Study to Assess the Prevalence and Attitude Related to Tobacco Products among People in Selected Areas of District Mohali
Sandeep Kaur1, Navneet Kaur2, Pallavi2, Pardeep Kaur2, Priyanka Biloria2
1Assistant Professor, 2B.Sc. (Post Basic) Nursing Students,
Rayat Bahra College of Nursing, Mohali, Punjab, India
Corresponding Author: Sandeep Kaur
Background of the study- Tobacco use is a leading cause of preventable deaths worldwide, so in developing countries like India. Tobacco consumption in various forms has been an integral part of Indian culture since many decades. Since few years, the vices of tobacco consumption have come to forefront in various populations across the world. India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products and third largest producer of tobacco in the world.
The analysis of NFHS-3 data shows that the use of tobacco and smoking are fairly common in India, particularly among males. There are some population subgroups in North-Eastern states among which smoking in females is fairly common. The prevalence of tobacco use is relatively higher in the rural than the urban population. Tobacco use increases with age in India, though it is sizeable even among youth, especially among young males. It also shows that tobacco use decreases with increase in education levels as well as rise in the wealth status, though more than one-third of males with 12 or more years of schooling or males in the highest wealth quintile use tobacco.
Materials & Methods - A total of 200 subjects of village Sahauran, Radiala, TDI slums and Sahauran slums were selected by convenience sampling as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. The data was collected from subjects by questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic variables, questionnaire regarding attitude and prevalence related to tobacco products usage.
Result - The study of findings revealed that the prevalence of smoking tobacco among 76 (38.7%) people, while it is consumed in smokeless form by 65 (32.50%) of people of selected villages. It also showed that tobacco products are consumed more commonly by males than females, between 26-47 years of age group, who are illiterate, earning below 10,000 monthly family incomes. The most common form of smoking tobacco is manufactured cigarette. As per occupation it is more prevalent among laborer class, living in nuclear families. Overall 17.50% males get exposed to second hand smoke, including 3% non-smokers. It also concluded that maximum 86.50% of subjects have negative attitude towards tobacco products usage and 89.50% wants to quit tobacco usage and have a positive attitude towards quitting.
Conclusion - It was concluded that tobacco product prevalence in smoking form is quite more than smokeless form i.e. 38% as compared to 32% respectively.
Key words: Prevalence, Attitude, Tobacco products, People.