Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: July | Volume: 8 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 177-181
Pain, Functional Disability and Quality of Life in Knee Osteoarthritis
Prachita Walankar1, Vrushali Panhale2, Anudnya Koli3
1Assistant Professor, 2Professor,
Department of Musculoskeletal Sciences, MGM College of Physiotherapy, Navi Mumbai - 410209, India
3BPTh, MGM College of Physiotherapy, Navi Mumbai - 410209, India
Corresponding Author: Prachita Walankar
Background and Purpose: Osteoarthritis is a progressive musculoskeletal condition and a major public health problem which imposes a significant health and economic burden on the society. The aim of the present study was to evaluate pain, functional disability and quality of life in osteoarthritis knee patients.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 60 subjects in the age group of 50 to 65 years diagnosed with unilateral osteoarthritis knee on the basis of American College of Rheumatology - Clinical Classification Criteria for Osteoarthritis of the knee. The demographic information of participants, such as, age, gender and dominance were recorded. Pain intensity was measured using visual analogue scale. The Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) index, a disease-speciﬁc measure, was used to assess functional disability. Quality of Life was evaluated by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36).
Results & Conclusion: Of the 60 OA knee patients, 18 (30%) were males and 42 (70%) were females. The mean age of the participants is 56.77 ± 4.78 years. There was a positive correlation between pain and functional disability (r = 0.284, p = 0.02). Also, a positive correlation was observed between WOMAC score and physical component summary (r = 0.593, p = 0.000) and mental component summary (r = 0.593, p = 0.000) of SF-36 score. The study showed that there is a correlation between pain, functional disability and quality of life osteoarthritis knee patients. These components should be included during assessment which will provide a holistic and multimodal approach towards the understanding, planning and enhancement of management of these patients.
Key words: Knee osteoarthritis, quality of life, WOMAC score, function, pain.