Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: July | Volume: 8 | Issue: 7 | Pages: 154-158
Helium-Neon Laser in Temporomandibular Myofascial Pain: Pre-Post Study
Sharmila Dudhani1, Salima Mulla1
1Associate Professor, SDM College of Physiotherapy, Dharwad
Corresponding Author: Sharmila Dudhani
Objective: To study the effect of helium-neon LASER on temporomandibular myofascial pain and function of TMJ when LASER used as a monotherapy.
Design: a pre-post study
Method: A convenient sample of 30 subjects was taken from SDM College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad. All subjects with temporomandibular myofascial pain were assessed using VAS and Global pain impact scale before and after they received LASER therapy for 5 days as per the appropriate calculated dose. The data was recorded and sent for analysis.
Results: The results showed that the mean age of subjects who participated in the study was (28.40) years. The masseter is most frequently involved muscle; the temporalis is next most commonly involved muscle. Masseter was involved in 25 subjects (M=11, F=14). Effect of treatment on VAS on 0 and 5th day was calculated. The mean of VAS on 0 day was 6.6667 and after 5 treatment sessions it reduced to 1.4333. There is highly significant decrease in pain score on VAS (p=0.0000). there was a statistically significant effect of treatment on GPI- the score on GPI reduced to 2.30 on the 5th day compared to the baseline.(p=0.0000)This improvement in function is correlated with reduction of pain.
Conclusion: We conclude that 5 treatment sessions of LASER as a monotherapy showed significant reduction in pain and improvement in function across patients with temporomandibular myofascial pain.
Key words: Temporomandibular myofascial pain, trigger point, helium-neon LASER.