International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Case Report

Year: 2018 | Month: June | Volume: 8 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 375-377

Incidental Detection of Wuchereria Bancrofti on Cytology in a Subcutaneous Swelling in Medial Aspect of Arm: A Case Report

Dr Varun Kumar1, Dr Sujata Raychaudhuri2, Dr Charu Agarwal3, Dr Meenakshi Suri1, Dr Anu Agarwal1

1Tutor, 2Associate Professor, 3Assistant Professor,
Dept. of Pathology, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana.

Corresponding Author: Dr Sujata Raychaudhuri


Filariasis is a common parasitic disease posing major health problem in South East Asian countries including India. It is transmitted by bite of mosquito. Lymphatic filariasis is a common presentation in Indian subcontinent. The usual form presentation of the disease is as hydrocele, acute or chronic lymphatic disease or subclinical microfilaremia. Finding of Wuchereria Bancrofti in a cytological smear from upper arm swelling is a rare presentation. We discuss here a case of 40 year male with a subcutaneous swelling on the medial aspect of upper limb. Cytology smears revealed sheathed microfilaria without any nucleus in the tail end confirming the species as Wuchereria Bancrofti. Wet mount preparations also showed microfilaria. The case is highlighted to ascertain the role of fine needle aspiration cytology in diagnosing filariasis as an incidental finding from subcutaneous swelling and for early institution of therapy.

Key words: Microfilaria, subcutaneous nodule, cytology, incidental.

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