Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: June | Volume: 8 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 25-29
Study of Category III Animal Bite in Anti-Rabies Vaccination Centre at Tertiary Care Hospital, India
Dr. Gajanan Charandas Soyam1, Dr. Manika Suryakant Masare1, Dr. Vishal Charandas Soyam2, Dr. Sachin Santosh Divekar1, Dr. Prabhakar Atmaramji Hiwarkar3
1Assistant Professor at Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal.
2Assistant Divisional Medical Officer working at Municipality Hospital, Padpadganj, East Delhi.
3Professor and Head of Department (Community Medicine) at Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal.
Corresponding Author: Dr. Gajanan Charandas Soyam
Background: Rabies is a 100% vaccine-preventable and 100% fatal zoonotic disease. Among all category bites, category III animal bites were most risky and one of the major category of transmitting virus and causing rabies. So our objective is to study case profile of category III animal bite cases.
Materials and methods: This study carried out on 1070 category III animal bites cases at Anti-Rabies Vaccine Center of tertiary care hospital, who availed post exposure prophylaxis from January 2014 to December 2017. Secondary data of category III animal bites cases were analyzed. Frequencies and proportions were calculated for quantitative data. Qualitative data were analyzed by using Chi square test. Statistical significance will be taken at 95% confidence limit.
Result: Mean age of child population is6.44 years (SD±2.94) and mean age of adult population (> 12 years) is 42.96 years (SD±18.14). Young children (0-6 yrs) had got most common (61.1%) category III animal bite and commonly on face, head and neck (66.4%). Regarding biting pattern there were no difference between girls and boys but significantly more adult male (76.8%) were bitten by animals than adult female (23.2%). (p<0.05) Number of category III animal bites was increasing over the period of four year.
Conclusions: Younger children had got more category III animal bite as they cannot protect themselves. Number of cases of animal biting was increasing and hence cost of treatment. Such trend is dangerous for future.
Key words: Category III animal bite, children, adult, Anti Rabies Vaccination Centre.