Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: May | Volume: 8 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 51-61
Fine Motor Skills and its Growth Pattern in Variation to Age and Gender on Bengali (Indian) Primary School Children: A Cross Sectional Study
Dr. Sourav Manna1,2, Dr. Amitava Pal1,3, Prof. Dr. Prakash Chandra Dhara1
1Ergonomics and Sports Physiology Division, Department Of Human Physiology with
Community Health, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, W.B., India
2National Medical College, Birgunj, Parsa Nepal
3Panskura Banamali College, West Bengal India
Corresponding Author: Dr. Sourav Manna
Fine motor skill proficiency is an essential component of numerous daily living activities such as dressing, feeding or playing. Poor fine motor skills can lead to difficulties in academic achievement. The aims of the present study was to investigate the influence of age and gender on the development of fine motor skills and its pattern of growth on the primary school children of West Bengal. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 950 primary school going children from different districts of West Bengal state, India. Hand reaction times of the participants were evaluated by ruler dropping method and for the hand eye coordination Perdue pegboard test were applied. The results of the present study revealed that the scores of reaction time of children was significantly (p<0.001) and negatively correlated with the age of the children and the score of peg board test of the children were significantly and (p<0.001) positively correlated with age. It was found that the score of fine motor skills of girls were significantly greater than boys. Linear regression analysis demonstrated that age was significantly associated with the scores of fine motor skills of the children. Multiple regression analysis showed that even after controlling for the effect of the height, weight, BMI and SES,-, the age of the children had strong significant impact on fine motor skill. From the result it was concluded that the performance of fine motor skills of girls were better than boys. Age was the determining factor for the development of fine motor skills of the children.
Key words: Age, Gender, Cross Sectional Study, Reaction Time, Hand Eye Coordination.