Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: May | Volume: 8 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 129-134
Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions among Vidharbian Population: A Cross Sectional Study
Rakhi Chandak1, Rucha Pandharipande2, Sunita Kulkarni3, Ashish Lanjekar1, Vaishali Agrawal2
1Reader, 2Post Graduate Student, 3Professor & HOD,
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Hingna Nagpur.
Corresponding Author: Rucha Pandharipande
Introduction: Oral cavity is the mirror of health, therefore it can be affected by a wide variety of lesions and conditions, some of which are harmless, while others may have serious complications. The incidence of oral mucosal lesion is increasing significantly due to excessive use of tobacco.
Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among Vidharbian population.
Material and methods: Study group consisting of 1200 patients was selected. Patient categorized in 4 groups as tobacco chewers, tobacco smokers, mixed habits and no habits were diagnosed for presence of oral mucosal lesions.
Result: The prevalence of oral mucosal lesion in Vidharbian population was found to be 39.25%. Oral submucous fibrosis was the most prevalent oral mucosal lesion in patients having tobacco chewing and mixed habits while smoker’s melanosis and recurrent minor aphthous ulcer was more prevalent in patients with tobacco smokers and patients with no habits.
Conclusion: Early identification and treatment of these mucosal lesions is an important part of oral health care.
Key words: Prevalence, mucosal lesion, Vidharbian.