Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: April | Volume: 8 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 11-15
Risk Assessment of Type 2 Diabetes among Family Members of Persons with and Without Diabetes Mellitus in an Urban Community
Mangalam Sriram1, Dr. Prakash Doke2, Dr. Prabha Dasila3
1PhD Student, MGMIHS, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai
2Professor, Dept of Community Medicine, BVDU Medical College, Pune,
Ex Medical Superintendent, MGMIHS, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai
3Principal and Director, MGMIHS, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai
Corresponding Author: Mangalam Sriram
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a major life style disease. The pervasiveness of this disease is no longer limited to wealthy, among whom it was once associated as a lifestyle disease. People from poorer section of society are now also at the risk of getting diabetes mellitus as the wealthy counterparts. However, the situation is worse for poor, as they do not have access to quality healthcare and awareness as that of well to do people.
Aim: To assess the risk of getting diabetes among the persons with family history of diabetes within an urban slum of Mumbai using IDRS score.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out in the urban slums of Banganga area in South Mumbai. Door to door survey was conducted to identify 50 families with history of diabetes. Fifty families without the history of diabetes were identified as controls. Structured questionnaire was used for all participants to information related to demographic data, anthropometric measurements and personal life style. Chi square test and Odds ratio analysis was carried out on the gathered data.
Results: It was found that, gender, lifestyle, body weight and familial histories are some of the major factors, which influence the propensity of acquiring diabetes. The IDRS score was higher for people with familial history of diabetes. IDRS score was also higher for people with sedentary lifestyle and higher body mass index.
Conclusion: The gathered data revealed that the group of people with familial history of diabetes is at advanced risk of diabetes than the group of people with no familial history of diabetes.
Key words: Diabetes mellitus, IDRS, family history, prevalence, risk factor