Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: April | Volume: 8 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 153-158
To Assess the Level of Workplace Stress among 18-45yr Patients Admitted with Myocardial Infarction
Shubhangi Jadhav1, Ashok Kalyamshetty2, Prabha Dasila3, P.G.Kerkar4, S Kaul5
1PhD Scholar, MGM Institute of health sciences, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2Professor, HOD, General Surgery, MGMIHS, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3Professor, Principal, College of nursing, MGMIHS, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
4Professor, HOD, Cardiology, KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
5Professor, Pro Vice Chancellor, MGMIHS, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Corresponding Author: Shubhangi Jadhav
Introduction: Work-related stress is a growing problem around the world that affects not only the health and well-being of employees, but also the productivity of organizations. Multiple risk factors are involved for the causation of MI but it is unclear that a particular professional has more risk of MI.
Material and methods: A study aims to find the myocardial infarction among 18-45 yrs patients in relation to their occupation and workplace stress. The study was carried out between July 2016 to July 2017 in selected teaching hospitals in Mumbai. For cases (n=100) patients between the age group of 18-45yrs admitted with first episode of myocardial infarction without any complications like heart failure and no history of coronary congenital abnormality were selected, for controls(n=200), age±2 and residence was matched and without history of any cardiac disease were selected. A pre-validated 8item Occupational Stress Scale by American Institute of Stress was used in the study. Samples were categorized according to age, occupation and analyzed the statistical significance with reference to chi-square along with frequency and percentage.
Results: The age of the study participants were categorized among cases and controls respectively 18-21yrs (3%, 2.5%), 22-25yrs(1%,7%), 26-29yrs(5%,6%), 30-33yrs(5%,21%%),34-37yrs(21%,19.5%), 38-41yrs(27%,25.5%), 42-45yrs(38, 18.5%). As per the occupation, (Kuppuswamy scale) among cases and controls were, professionals (5%,0%), semiprofessionals (7%, 3%), clerical, shop owners (10%, 11.5%), skilled workers (31%, 28.5%), semi-skilled workers (20%, 19.5%), unskilled workers (22%, 22.5%), unemployed (5%, 15%). The stress score among the cases (n=100) and controls (n=200) were Stress is not much issue (20%, 10%), fairly low (14%, 40%), moderate stress (27%,40%), severe stress (34%, 10%), potentially dangerous stress (5%, 0) respectively. Chi square test p value 0.038 which is statistically significant. There is a relation between occupation and MI.
Conclusion: Occupation could be one predisposing factor for MI. it is observed that compared to unemployed/housewives/students, those who are employed in gainful employment or business are more prone to MI. So there is a need for interventions at the workplace to reduce the risk.
Key words: workplace, stress, Myocardial infarction.