Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: April | Volume: 8 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 137-142
Are We Physically Active? Assessment Using Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ)
Bharti Veer, Dr. Jaishree Ghanekar, Dr. Prabha Dasila
MGM Institute of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai.
Corresponding Author: Bharti Veer
Physical activity is the cornerstone of prevention of non-communicable disease. Aim of this paper was to assess the type of activities performed by the individuals living in Mumbai and to find its correlation with BMI, WHR, BP and random blood sugar. Inclusion criteria were participants aged ≥25years and ≤60 years and not undergone cardiac rehabilitation program. Participants were given questionnaire, anthropometric measurements: height, weight, waist circumference measured. BP and random blood sugar were checked.
Result showed that 81(40.5%) of participants were overweight and 31 (15.5%) obese and 153 (765%) had WHR above normal. Thirty-one (15.5%) of participants had previous history of hypertension and 15 (7.5%) had diabetes mellitus. More than 90 % of participants did not spent time doing vigorous activities. The mean total time in minutes per week spent in moderate and vigorous activities is far less than recommended time by WHO. The mean time spent in sitting per week is 20 times more than the total of time spent in moderate and vigorous activities. Findings showed that there is minimal negative correlation between vigorous activities and BMI, WHR and random blood sugar. This study highlights the importance of vigorous activities in reducing risk factors of CAD.
Key words: Coronary artery disease, vigorous activities, moderate activities, Global physical activity questionnaire, Metabolic equivalent (METs).