Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: March | Volume: 8 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 48-52
Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy and Detection of the Uropathogenic Markers in E. Coli Isolates
Smrutirekha Mishra1, Dr Sukantibala Mohapatra2, Dr Sarita Yadav3, Dr Gati krushna Panda4, Pallabi Pati5
1PhD Scholar, Utkal University,Vanivihar, Bhubaneswar
2Associate Professor, Dept. of Microbiology, OUAT, Bhubaneswar
3Associate Professor, Dept. of Microbiology, BPS Govt. Women Medical College, Khanpur kalan
4Associate Professor, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MSM Institute of Ayurveda, BPSMV, Khanpur kalan
5Senior Research Fellow, ICMR, Bhubaneswar
Corresponding Author: Smrutirekha Mishra
Background: Urinary Tract Infection is one of the most frequently seen medical complications in pregnancy, and the most common causative organism is Escherichia coli. Pregnant women are at increased risk of UTIs, as it possesses complications such as acute and chronic Pyelonephritis, Toxaemia, Anaemia, Hypertension, Intra Uterine Growth Retardation (IUGR) and increased perinatal mortality.
Objectives: The present study was carried out to,
- Study the incidence of bacterial pathogens causing UTI among pregnant women.
- Detect the antimicrobial sensitivity patterns and the Uropathogenic markers.
Materials and Methods: A total of 300 samples were investigated from pregnant women aged between 18 to 35 years, and women with varying gravida and irrespective of all three trimesters were included in a period of one year. The identified pathogens were screened for pathogenic factors namely Haemolysin production, Mannose Resistant and Mannose sensitive Haemagglutination (MRHA, MSHA), Cell surface hydrophobicity and Serum resistance by recommended methods.
Results: The prevalence of UTI was found to be 61.0% and the highest predominant uropathogen was E.coli (74.3%).
Key words: Urinary tract infection, Pregnancy, Uropathogen, Uropathogenic Markers.