International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: March | Volume: 8 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 26-29

Visual Outcome in Ocular Pellet Injuries in Tertiary Care Hospital in Kashmir Valley

Sabia Rashid1, Rahila Ramzan2

1Prof., 2Senior Resident, Post Graduate Department of Ophthalmology, GMC Srinagar

Corresponding Author: Rahila Ramzan


Objective: To study Visual Outcome in Ocular Pellet Injuries in a Tertiary care Hospital.
Materials and Methods: 150 patients who presented to the Department of Ophthalmology, Govt. Medical College Srinagar between July 2016 to January 2017, were included in the study. Patients of both genders, ranging from 8 to 50 years of age, presenting with ocular trauma due to pellets were included in the study.
Results: The calculated sample size in the study was 150 Eyes of 150 patients. Out of these 150 patients, 148 (98.7%) were males and 2 (1.3%) were females. The mean age of our study group was 22.3 years. The youngest patient in our study was 8 years old and the eldest patient was 49 years of age.80% of the patients were below the age of 30 years.
In our study 14% of cases had good final corrected VA,22.33% had fair final corrected VA and 56.67% had poor final corrected VA that is more than half of the patients had final corrected VA less than 6/60.
Conclusion: Our study concludes that pellet injuries have mutilating effect on eyes affecting both vision and cosmesis. Adolescents were found to be more vulnerable to such trauma.
Appropriate identification of ocular damage and timely management is mandatory to reduce the morbidity associated with such injuries.

Key words: VA (Visual acuity); RAPD (Relative afferent pupillary defect); PVR (proliferative vitreoretinopathy); IOFB (Intra ocular foreign body).

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