Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: March | Volume: 8 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 186-192
Effectiveness of TIPER (Tailor Made Interventional Package to Enhance Relaxation) on Stress, Depression and Anxiety among Elders - A Pilot Study
P. Prakash1, Dr. Nappinai Seran2, Dr. Navaneetha3, Dr. Malarvizhi4, Dr. Pradeep Thilakan5
1Ph.D Scholar (Part time), Meenakshi University(MAHER), Chennai & Nursing Lecturer at Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India.
2Clinical Psychologist, Meenakshi University & Hospital, Chennai.
3Professor, College of Nursing, 4Asst. Registrar, College of Nursing, 5Professor cum HOD of Psychiatry dept., Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India.
Corresponding Author: P. Prakash
A Quasi-experimental study was done in Puspa Gandhi Home for Aged & Anbagam Old age home, Puducherry Preliminary screening was done with DASS-21 (Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale) to all the elders who met the Sampling criteria. Categorized the level of depression, anxiety and stress as normal/mild/moderate/severe/extremely severe with DASS-21 & ICD-10 criteria with the guidance of Psychiatrist. Old age homes was randomly assigned (lottery method) into experimental and control groups. After the pretest, TIPER was administered to experimental group and physical exercises were given to the control group for 1 month period. Post test was done with DASS-21 and ICD-10 was done to identify the effectiveness. Results reveals that, t value of experimental group was 4.9935 , 6.5666, 2.6788 for Depression, Anxiety and Stress respectively more than the table value said to be statistically significant at 0.01 level. ‘t’ value of control group was 2.7530, 2.8620 3.3541 for Depression, Anxiety and Stress respectively less than the table value said to be not statistically significant at 0.01 level. Hence, TIPER is effective intervention in the reduction of Depression, Stress & Anxiety.
Key words: Stress, Depression, Anxiety, Relaxation, elders, Old age Home.