Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: February | Volume: 8 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 37-40
To Assess the Quality of Life (St George’s Respiratory Questionnaires) and 6 Minute Walk Test in Patient of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Dr. Bidyut Roy1, Dr. K. K. Gupta2, Dr. S. C. Chaudhary3, Prof. Arvind Mishra4, Dr. Durgesh Kumar Pushkar1, Dr. Hirdesh Chawla1
1Senior Resident, 2Associate Professor, 3Professor Junior Grade, 4Professor,
Department of Medicine, King George Medical University, U. P. Lucknow
Corresponding Author: Dr. Bidyut Roy
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the leading cause of death in advance state and leads to public health importance around the world, the 6-min walk test (6MWT) has historically been used to characterise the functional status of COPD. Quality of life (QOL) is an important domain for measuring the impact of chronic disease. Among the disease specific questionnaires frequently used to evaluate the QOL of pulmonary patients is St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ).
Objective: To assess the quality of life (St George’s Respiratory Questionnaires) and 6 minute walk test in Patient of COPD.
Materials and Methods: It is a Cross-sectional prevalence study. The study was done over a period of 1 year from Oct 2015 to Sep 2016. The study included 96 COPD patients, diagnosed by spirometry and severity was determined according Global Initiative For Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classification criteria, Quality of life was assessed by SGRQ-C Questionnaires and 6 minute walk test had been done.
Results-Out of 96 patients GOLD Stage A, B, C, D consists of 43,30,12,11 patients. In 6 minute walk test, patients with GOLD stage D, fail to perform the test while patients with GOLD A to C walked short distance. In SGRQ-C Questionnaires symptom, activity, impact and total score was high with severity of GOLD stage.
Conclusion: Quality of life is impaired in advance stage of COPD as all component of SGRQ is increased with increasing stage of COPD, 6 minute walk distance is also reduced with advance stages.
Key words: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 6 Minute walk test, SGRQ questionnaires, Gold Stages