Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: January | Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 43-48
Clinico-Demographic Profile and Seroprevalence of Dengue at a Tertiary Care Hospital- Study from Maharashtra
Mr. Saral Prem Madan1, Dr. Sunita Bhatawadekar2, Dr. Kunal Lahiri3
1II Year M.B.B.S Student, 2Associate Professor, 3Professor and HOD,
Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College, Pune
Corresponding Author: Dr. Sunita Bhatawadekar
Introduction: Dengue is currently regarded globally as the most important mosquito borne viral diseases presenting with varied symptomatology. Epidemiology and clinical presentation of dengue infection differs significantly across geographical areas in India and there is a need to systematically collect data from various regions and study the nature and course of dengue infections.
Aim &Objectives- To determine sero-prevalence, demographic profile and clinical profile of dengue
Methodology: This Prospective study was carried in department of Microbiology. Patients presented with febrile illness of 2 to 7 days along with clinical features of dengue like illness were investigated. Blood samples were collected for detection of NS1Ag, IgM and IgG antibody, using Immunochromatography (ICT) based rapid Dengue test. The platelet count was recorded in dengue parameter-positive Cases.
Results: Out of total 471 blood samples 102 were positive for dengue. Seroprevalence of Dengue was 21.65%. 72.54% of dengue patients were from urban area and 27.45% were from rural area. The most common presenting symptoms of dengue were fever with body ache (44.12%), rash was observed in 8 cases (7.84%).89(87.25%) patients had primary infection. IgG was positive in7cases, suggesting secondary or past infection.
Conclusions: This study showed a significant prevalence of dengue infection among suspected dengue patients. The ease, speed and dependability of ICT make it an excellent tool in diagnosing this potentially fatal, epidemic prone infection.
Key words: Dengue, Seroprevalence, clinic-demographic profile, Maharashtra.