International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Review Article

Year: 2018 | Month: January | Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 219-234

Possible Measures to Assess Functional States of Tridosha: A Critical Review

Vandana Verma1, Sonam Agrawal2, Sangeeta Gehlot3

1Assistant Professor, 3Professor and Head,
Department of KriyaSharir, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Science, Banaras Hindu University
2BAMS, MD (KriyaSharir)

Corresponding Author: VandanaVerma


Healthy and unhealthy state of a human being depends on normal and abnormal functional state of Tridosha, considering the physiological importance of Dosha in maintenance of homeostasis of the body Tridosha have been called as root (Dosha Dhatu Mala Moolam hi Shariram) of the body. All the functions of the body could be explained in terms of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala. Tridosha are the biological entities derived from Panchamahabhuta, responsible for regulation of all bodily functions and its regulation. Variation in functional state of Tridosha with respect to age, day-night, and season occurs to accommodate body with the environmental influences like sunrise, sunset and seasonal variations. Ayurveda has described three dynamic states of Tridosha, namely Sama (balanced state), Kshaya (hypo functional state) and Vriddhi (hyper functional) state/ state of excess accumulation. These states of Dosha could be assessed by observing the sign and symptoms produced in body by altered state of Dosha. This paper is aimed to summarize and analyze the descriptions regarding the hypo and hyper functional states of Tridosha (Dosha Kshya-Vriddhi) made by Ayurvedic scholars and suggest some objective parameters to assess the functional state of Tridosha.

Key words: Dosha, Dosha kshaya, Dosha vriddhi, Dhatu.

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