Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: January | Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 194-202
Physical Activity, Sleep and Anthropometric Profile of Young Adult Females from Mumbai City
P. S. Ghugre1, Aditi Pandya2, G Shobha2, Manisha Pathak2, Shraddha Gadit2, S. A. Udipi3
1Associate Professor & Head, SNDT Women’s University,
2Master Student, SNDT Women’s University,
3Former Professor & Head, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai.
Corresponding Author: P. S. Ghugre
Life style factors have been shown to influence physical health and risk of disease. We undertook a study of 768 young adult women and examined their physical activity patterns, and measured their heights, weights, waist and hip circumferences. Sleep patterns were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Questionnaire and excess day time sleepiness was assessed using the Cleveland Adolescents Sleepiness Questionnaire. Body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio were calculated. Almost one-fifth of the women (19.2%) overweight or obese but a much higher percentage (44.8%) exhibited abdominal obesity. Most of the women were sedentary. More than half (58.1%) slept for less than 7 hours/night and 35.8% reported that their sleep quality was not good. Duration of sleep was significantly and negatively correlated with the global score for sleep quality and sleepiness score), whereas global sleep score was positively correlated with sleepiness score. A higher percentage of women who slept less than 6 hours were overweight or obese compared to those who slept for a longer duration and mean daytime sleepiness score tended to increase with increasing BMI. Our study indicates that young adult women who are studying are likely to have sleep deficiency and this along with low physical activity levels, places them at risk of obesity and its adverse consequences.
Key words: Sleep, physical activity, body mass index, waist to hip ratio