Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: January | Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 172-177
Neoplasms in Cyprus and the Effect of Predisposing Factors of Tobacco and Air Pollution
Irene Rethemiotaki, Efthimios Zervas
School of Science and Technology, the Hellenic Open University, 18 Parodos Aristotelous St., GR-26335 Patra, Greece
Corresponding Author: Efthimios Zervas
Aim:The aim of this work is to study the neoplasms and more specifically the malignant neoplasms (cancer) in Cyprus and their relationship to the predisposing factors of smoking and air pollution.
Methods:The statistical methods were used in this study are Mann-Whitney U test in order to check the statistical significance of the neoplasms in relation to gender, One-Way ANOVA test in order to check the statistical significance of neoplasms in relation to age, and the Pearson correlation coefficient for the relationship between neoplasms with smoking and air pollution.
Results:The results showed that there is a statistically significant difference in the number of neoplasms in relation to gender and, more specifically, they occur more frequently in men, in the total number of tumors, in malignant neoplasms of the liver and intrahepatic bile ducts and in leukemia. It was also found that there is a statistically significant difference in the number of neoplasms in relation to the age with a more frequent occurrence at ages 65 and over. Finally, there is a correlation of the incidence of neoplasms with air pollution while there is no statistically significant correlation with smoking.
Conclusions:This study has shown that neoplasms differ in the incidence in terms of age and gender while air pollution is a significant predisposition.
Key words: Air pollution, Malignant neoplasms, Tobacco.