Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: December | Volume: 8 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 102-108
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus among Hospital Employees at Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences Puducherry
Shankari. A1, Dr. Malarvizhi. S2, Dr. Rebecca Samson3, Sheela. J4, Dr. Ravichandran. K5
1Nurse Manager Cum Clinical Instructor, Rela Institute and Medical Center, Chennai.
2Professor, Assistant Registrar, HOD - Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
3Professor, Dean and HOD- CNE and Research, College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
4Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
5Biostatistician, Department of Biostatistics, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
Corresponding Author: Dr. Malarvizhi. S
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition where there is a disturbance in energy balance arising from varied etiology and resulting in physiological dysfunction. It is a chronic non communicable disease that has long term effects on the quality of each individual life. Objectives of the study were to assess the level of knowledge and Attitude on Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus among hospital employees, to discuss the practices followed on prevention of diabetes mellitus among hospital employees and to correlate the level of knowledge and attitude on prevention of diabetes mellitus among hospital employees. The design adopted for the study was non experimental descriptive design. The study was conducted in the all OPDS and in all General Medical Surgical wards. The data was collected by using Semi structured interview guide, from 50 hospital employees; they were selected by using non probability convenience sampling technique. The finding of the study shows with regard to level of knowledge, 2% of them had adequate knowledge, 72% of them had moderately adequate knowledge and 26% of them had inadequate knowledge regarding prevention of diabetes mellitus. With regard to level of attitude, 48% of them had favorable attitude, 46% had moderately favorable attitude and 6% of them had unfavorable attitude on prevention of diabetes mellitus. It shows weak correlation between the knowledge and attitude, which is statically significant. There is no statistically significant association between the levels of knowledge with the demographic variables. The study findings revealed that majority of hospital employees had moderately adequate knowledge and had moderately favorable attitude on prevention of Diabetes Mellitus. Therefore the study concludes that there is a need to create awareness on prevention of Diabetes Mellitus for hospital employees.
Key words: Diabetes Mellitus, Hospital Employees, Knowledge, Attitude, Prevention