Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: December | Volume: 8 | Issue: 12 | Pages: 81-88
The Practice of Aseptic Techniques on Surgical Wound Dressing By Health Care Professionals
Dhanasundari. G1, Dr. Malarvizhi. S2, Dr. Rebecca Samson3, Amirtha Santhi. S4, Dr. Ravichandran. K5
1M.Sc. (N), New Delhi
2Professor, Assistant Registrar, HOD - Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
3Professor, Dean, College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
4Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
5Biostatistician, Department of Biostatistics, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
Corresponding Author: Dr. Malarvizhi. S
Asepsis is freedom from infection or prevention of contact with microorganisms. Aseptic technique is a set of practices and procedures performed under controlled conditions with the goal of reducing contamination by pathogens. Surgical aseptic procedures are used to keep the objects or areas sterile or completely free from microorganisms. The effectiveness of infection control practices depends on health care professionals conscientious and consistency in using effective aseptic technique. Objectives: 1.To assess the practice of aseptic techniques on surgical wound dressing among medical interns and staff nurses. 2. To identify the factors influencing the standard of practice followed in aseptic techniques on surgical wound dressing among medical interns and staff nurses. Descriptive design was used in this study. The study was conducted in the General surgical wards. Purposive sampling method was used to select the samples. Totally 15 medical interns and 15 staff nurses were included. Medical interns and staff nurses were observed using different checklist for aseptic techniques on surgical wound dressing. After completing the observation, study variables and influencing factors for aseptic techniques on surgical wound dressing were collected. According to the level of practice on surgical wound dressing by following aseptic techniques, 13 (87%) of the medical interns followed moderately adequate practice and among staff nurses nine (60%) of them followed moderately adequate and six (40%) of the participants followed adequate practice. By implementing surgical wound dressing checklist in respective wards the surgical wound infection can be prevented and also the health care professionals will have better practice related to surgical wound dressing.
Key words: aseptic techniques, surgical wound dressing, health care professionals, surgical wound infection.