International Journal of Health Sciences and Research

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Original Research Article

Year: 2018 | Month: November | Volume: 8 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 37-43

Efficacy of Connective Tissue Manipulation on Depression, Anxiety and Related Gastrointestinal Symptoms

Eda Akbaş, EminUlaş Erdem, Banu Ünver

ZonguldakBülent Ecevit University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation,67600 EsenköyZonguldak/TURKEY

Corresponding Author: Eda Akbaş


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of connective tissue manipulation on depressive symptoms, anxiety, fatigue and mood-related gastrointestinal symptoms in young women. Sixty young women were randomly assigned to connective tissue manipulation group (n=30) or control group (n=30). A total of 10 sessions of connective tissue manipulation were applied to the individuals in the connective tissue manipulation group while control group did not receive any intervention. Beck Anxiety Inventory and Beck Depression Inventory was used to evaluate mood state. The level of fatigue was assessed with The Fatigue Severity Scale. Nausea, reflux, stomachache, burping and dyspepsia symptoms were assessed with the 0- to 10-cm length Visual Analog Scales. The Constipation Severity Instrument was used to determine the frequency, intensity and difficulty/stiffness of stools in individuals. Significant decrease were detected in the both of the groups in terms of depression, anxiety and fatigue scores (p>0.05). The intensity of gastric complaints including nausea, reflux, stomachache, and dyspepsia and the sum of the Visual Analog Scale scores significantly decreased in the connective tissue manipulation group (p<0.05) while such outcomes did not change in control group (p>0.05) except dyspepsia (p<0.05). Obstructive Defecation and Pain sub-scores of Constipation Severity Instrument significantly decreased in connective tissue manipulation group, while Obstructive Defecation and Constipation Severity Instrument total score significantly decreased in the control group (p<0.05). According to our results, connective tissue manipulation contributes to improve mood state, reduce the severity of fatigue and lessen gastrointestinal symptoms in young women.

Key words: Connective Tissue Manipulation, Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, Gastrointestinal Symptoms

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