Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: November | Volume: 8 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 217-225
Utilization of ICF Framework for Assessment of Speech and Non-Speech Characteristics of Individuals with Parkinson’s disease
Ms. Sarita Rautara1, Dr. Anjali R Kant2
1Clinician (Speech & language Dept.), 2Reader & HOD (Speech & language Dept.),
Ayjnishd (d), K.C. Marg, Reclamation, Bandra (west), Mumbai-400050
Corresponding Author: Ms. Sarita Rautara
Parkinson Disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder exhibiting 36% of hypokinetic dysarthria affecting motor speech coordination among people throughout the world. A gamut of speech and non-speech problems due to Parkinson’s disease can have an impact on the functions of everyday life also affecting participation in life situations. However, standardized tests are unable to fully reflect individuals functioning in everyday life. The present study aims at utilizing the ICF framework for the assessment of speech and non-speech characteristics in individuals with Parkinson’s disease within age range of 50-70 years using an ICF framed questionnaire. The results were suggestive of a significant differences in terms of respiration, articulation and speech intelligibility, phonation and prosodic problems as observed in both the groups i.e. Group I (mild-moderate category) and Group II (severe category).
In all 3 domains of Body function, 6 domains of Activity and Participation and single domain under Environmental Functions, a significant difference within Group II having higher scores suggesting individuals in severe group face more difficulties in day to day life as compared individuals in mild-moderate group i.e. Group I. The nature of impact which these speech problems may have on activity and participation as well as other domains is not assessed, highlighted and focused upon which also has an impact on the quality of life of these individuals. Hence the need of the hour is thus to use the ICF framework for assessing of input of speech and non- speech characteristics in individual with Parkinson disease.
Key words: Parkinson Disease (PD), ICF framework, Speech and non-speech characteristics