Original Research Article
Year: 2018 | Month: November | Volume: 8 | Issue: 11 | Pages: 102-108
Age and Gender Specific Prevalence among Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type II) and its Correlation with HbA1c % level, A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study
Roshina Bano1, Prof. Anisa M Durrani2
1Research scholar, 2Professor
Department Of Home Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, AMU Aligarh.
Corresponding Author: Roshina Bano
In perspective of whether HbA1c% level may fluctuate with the gender and age of patients, the present investigation was carried out with the aim to estimate gender and age occurrence of type 2 diabetes and association of HbA1c% level among male-female of different age groups. The hospital-based cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 160 patients of diabetes aged 20 years and above visiting outpatients clinic’ over a period of 6 months from Aug17 to Jan18 at endocrinology department of Jawaharlal Nehru medical college and Hospital, Aligarh. A predesigned pretested structured questionnaire cum interview schedule was used to collect data. Diagnostic criterion was based on (WHO/IDF) 2006 for diabetes. HbA1c% level is used as an indicator of glycemic controls among 160 patients with non-insulin diabetes mellitus. An independent sample t‑test, one-way ANOVA and Spearman rank correlation test was applied using IBM SPSS version 21.0. More than fifty percent patients were female 106 (66.2%) than that of males 54 (33.8%) among total patients. Although there was the significant difference between ages (P=<0.05) but no significant difference (P=>0.05 NS) was demonstrated by HbA1c% level among both genders and also no significant difference in the HbA1c % level of patients between different age groups, F (2,157) =1.57, p>0.05. Spearman rank correlation coefficient was found to be R= (-0.99), P>0.05 which implies that there was a mild inverse correlation between actual age and HbA1c% level. So age must be considered while diagnosing HbA1c% level for the identification of diabetes.
Key words: prevalence, Diabetes mellitus, HbA1c% level, Gender, Age